Current Affairs of 1st August 2015

1. Beijing chosen to host 2022 Winter Olympics and Paralympics
Thomas Bach, the President of International Olympic Committee (IOC)  announced that Beijing will host the 2022 Winter Olympics and Paralympics. Chinese capital was chosen ahead of Almaty, Kazakshtan at the 128th IOC session in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
With this, Beijing became the first city to host both the Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics. It hosted Summer Olympics in 2008.
Beijing was confirmed to host the Winter Olympics 2022 after Chinese bid beat Almaty by 44 votes to 40 with one abstention.
The IOC said that Beijing was awarded the Games because it fitted its new agenda for a stronger focus on sustainability, legacy, and transparency.
The 2014 Winter Olympics was held in Sochi, Russia and at 51 billion US dollars was the most expensive Olympics in history.
In 2018, the Winter Olympics will be held in Pyeongchang, South Korea.

2. India’s first Harbour Defence System commissioned in Kochi
India’s first Integrated Underwater Harbour Defence and Surveillance System (IUHDSS) was commissioned in Kochi, Kerala. First of its kind system in the country is part of initiatives to strengthen and beef up coastal security in the western coastline

3. 14-year-old Lucknow boy Prabhroop Sekhon won 2 Gold at Special Olympics World Games
Fourteen year old Master Prabhroop Sekhon  won two gold medals in 300 metre and 500 metre Roller Skating at the Special Olympics World Summer Games. The event is being held at Los Angeles, USA.
Sekhon is a student of ASHA School in Lucknow Cantt where he was coached and selected for various camps at State and National level as one amongst the 241 participants representing India. He has been a student of ASHA School since Sep 2013.
An Autistic student, Prabhroop Sekhon is the son of a serving Air Force Officer, Group Captain BS Sekhon.

4. Indo-UK Bilateral Air Exercise Indradhanush concluded
Indo-UK bilateral Air Exercise Indradhanush between Indian Air Force (IAF) and British Royal Air Forces (RAF) concluded . The EX-Indradhanush started in Britain on 21 July 2015.
During the 10-day exercise different elements of the IAF contingent operated from separate RAF bases. The Sukhois operated from Corningsby, combat support elements from Brize Norton and the Garud special forces from Hunnington.
The two air forces also operate common combat support platforms, namely the Globemaster and the Super Hercules.
For the first time Ex-Indradhanush was conducted in 2007 at Waddington, UK.

5. 1974 Land Border Agreement between India and Bangladesh came into effect
162 enclaves of India and Bangladesh were integrated with the main land with the execution of Land Border Agreement, 1974 between the two countries at midnight on 31 July 2015.
According to the agreement, 51 Bangladeshi enclaves situated at Indian soil in Coochbehar District of West Bengal amalgamated with India, while 111 Indian enclaves in Bangladeshi territory integrated with that country when the clock struck 12 at night.
Also, as the clock struck midnight, the boundary pillars known as British Pillars which demarcated enclave lands was dismantled.
National Flags were hoisted in all the enclaves in both sides of the border at midnight Friday night. With this, a history of enclave exchange at midnight was created, in which dreams of thousands of enclave dwellers came into reality after 68 years of struggle.

6. Tamil Nadu government instituted youth award in name of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam
The state government of Tamil Nadu on 31 July 2015 instituted a youth award in the name of former President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.
In a statement issued in Chennai, Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa said that the annual Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Award consisting 8 gram gold, 5 laks rupees in cash and a citation.
The award would be given from 2015 onwards on every Independence Day (15 August) to a person from the state who works with exceptional merit in science, humanities and students welfare.
She also announced that Dr Kalam’s birthday on October 15th would be celebrated as the Youth Revival Day.

7. Maharashtra government announced construction of 800-km Nagpur-Mumbai expressway
Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis announced construction of 800 kilometers of Nagpur-Mumbai expressway.
The Nagpur-Amravati-Aurangabad-Ghoti-Mumbai expressway, also called Communication Super-expressway, would be build at the cost of 30000 crore rupees.
The expressway would be a six-lane road and in the first phase a four lane road would be constructed. This road will be equipped with CCTV cameras, wi-fi facility and optical fibre network.
Besides, the state government also plans to develop IT parks, smart cities, and education hubs along the road.
The project would be completed in coming five years and the travel time between the state capital and second capital would be brought down from 14 hours to 10 hours.

8. Thomas Cook (India) Ltd buys Sri Lankan firm Luxe Asia Pvt. Ltd
Major tour operator Thomas Cook (India) Ltd has acquired Sri Lanka based destination management company Luxe Asia Pvt. Ltd. The acquisition was done in undisclosed deal was made through Thomas Cook (India) Ltd’s wholly owned subsidiary Thomas Cook Lanka (Pvt) Ltd. After this deal, Luxe Asia will be operated as an independent entity. This acquisition will help Thomas Cook (India) Ltd to increase its significant presence in Sri Lanka along with destination management capabilities.

9. Ved Prakash Mahawar takes charge as Director (Onshore) at ONGC
Public sector oil exploration and production company ONGC announced that Ved Prakash Mahawar had joined the board of directors as Director (Onshore) on Saturday. Mahawar will directly look after all onshore operations across the country.
With 33 years of experience in managing drilling and operation functions, Mahawar was earlier the OSD (Onshore) at New Delhi. He has also headed the Tripura asset of ONGC as Executive Director - Asset Manager.
Mahawar also played an important role in establishing the Well Control School at the Institute of Drilling Technology (IDT), Dehradun, which has been imparting training to ONGC employees and oil personnel from other Indian as well foreign oil companies.

10. Sports Ministry recommends Sania Mirza for Khel Ratna
The Sports Ministry today confirmed that Wimbledon doubles champion Sania Mirza
 has been recommended for the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna but made it clear that the final decision rests with only the Awards Committee.
Sania won her career’s first ever women’s doubles Grand Slam title with Swiss partner Martina Hingis in June. She also became world number one before winning the Grass Court major.
Sports Secretary Ajit Sharan said the Sports Minister Sarbanada Sonowal has indeed recommended to the tennis exponent for the highest honour given for achievement in sports.
Sania, who has won three mixed doubles Grand Slams in her career, is reportedly competing with Squash player Deepika Pallikal and discus thrower Vikas Gowda for the prestigious award.

11. Yahoo acquires style-tip specialist Polyvore
Yahoo is buying style-tip specialist Polyvore in its latest attempt to become a more fashionable place to advertise.
Financial terms of the deal announced yesterday aren’t being disclosed, signalling the price of the acquisition isn’t considered to be significant.
Polyvore is an 8-year-old start-up that specialises in connecting merchants with consumers browsing for ideas on clothing, health, beauty and home decor products. Good Housekeeping magazine once dubbed the service a “fashionista’s playground.”
Yahoo plans to tap into Polyvore’s taste-making skills and loyal consumer following to sell more ads in its digital magazines focusing on style and beauty. The acquisition will join dozens of other mostly small deals that have been engineered by Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer during the past three years in an attempt to boost advertising sales.
The results have been lacklustre so far, barely budging Yahoo’s revenue.

12. Snapdeal unveils ‘Instant’ to speed up delivery
eCommerce firm Snapdeal has rolled out a new service ‘Snapdeal Instant’ to allow delivery of packages to customers as early as within an hour of placing the order.
To start with, the service would be available in three cities —— Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore —— and then extended to eight major cities in the next two months.
Customers will not have to shell out extra for getting their products delivered faster, but this service is currently limited to packages weighing below 5 kg.
Based on hyperlocal delivery approach, Snapdeal will allow sellers to ship the product directly to consumers through its courier partners or via its fulfilment centres.

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