Current Affairs of 6 September 2015

1. G20 launches W20 grouping for gender inclusive economic growth
World’s 20 largest economies, including India, today launched W20, an engagement grouping of women leaders, to push for gender inclusive global economic growth.
The W20 group — having 20 women leaders from G20 nations — would host its first summit next month in Istanbul after all member countries appoint their nominees.
At the official launch event here, Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said the prosperity of a country can be best understood by the smile of women from that country and it is very important to empower them in the economic growth process.
W20’s newly appointed President Gulden Turktan said it would work as an outreach group and seek to promote gender inclusiveness in economic growth process by empowering women.
She asked all G20 countries to nominate their members.

The launch event was also addressed by IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde, OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) Secretary—General Angel Gurria, Deputy Executive Director of UN Women Lakshmi Puri, International Trade Center’s Executive Director Arancha Gonzz, among others.
The G20 members are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.
The Group of Twenty (G20) is the premier forum for global economic and financial cooperation that brings together the world’s major advanced and emerging economies, representing around 85 per cent of global GDP.
The G20 started in 1999 as a meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in the aftermath of the Asian financial crisis.
In 2008, the first G20 Leaders’ Summit was held, and the group played a key role in responding to the global financial crisis. G20 leaders have met nine times since 2008, continuing to focus on achieving strong, sustainable and balanced growth, promoting job creation and financial regulations that reduce risks and prevent future financial crises and modernising international financial architecture.

2. Shane Watson announces Test retirement
Australia’s veteran all-rounder Shane Watson announced today his retirement from Test cricket.
The last of the 34-year-old’s 10-year Test career came in the Ashes opener at Cardiff which England won by 169 runs.
Watson made 30 and 19 with the bat, and failed to take a wicket, causing him to lose his place for the rest of the series. Watson’s Test retirement was announced on Cricket Australia’s official website.

3. Delhi High Court allows permanent commission for women in Indian Navy
Delhi High Court in its landmark judgment has allowed women to get permanent commission in Indian Navy and allowed them to board on warships. The ruling was given by a Division Bench of Delhi HC headed by Justice Kailash Gambhir on the writ petition moved by a group of women naval officers both retired and serving. The HC also ruled that, henceforth female naval officers will have full term service in the Indian Navy and also enjoy retirement benefits same as their male counterparts. Presently, Indian Army and Air Force allow permanent commission for female officers. While, Indian Navy has limited the role of women officers serving in short service commission of 14 years. In case of Navy, female officers are only allowed to serve in the administrative, medical and education branches. They are also working as observers, to monitor censors on aircrafts.

4. Eminent Music composer Adesh Shrivastava passes away
Eminent Bollywood Music composer Aadesh Shrivastava passed away in Mumbai, Maharashtra. He was 49 and died due to cancer. Over the course of his career, he had scored music for over 100 Hindi films as composer, playback singer and music director. He had composed songs of movies like Chalte Chalte, Baghban, Baabul, Kabhi Khushi Kabhi Gham, Rajneeti and others. He had delivered chart busters like Haathon Mein Aa Gaya Jo Kal, Kya Ada Kya Jalwe Tere Paro, Sona Sona, Gustakhiyaan, Shava Shava, Gur Nalon Ishq Mitha, Mora Piya etc Shrivastava was born on 4 September 1966 in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh and is survived by wife Vijeta Pandit and their two sons Anivesh and Avitesh.

5. Indian boxer Vikas Krishan wins silver medal in 75 kg category in Asia Championships
Indian boxer Vikas Krishan has won the silver medal in the Asian Championships held in Bangkok, Thailand. In the final match of 75kg weight category, he was defeated by Uzbekistan’s Bektemir Melikuziev by 0-2 score. In this edition of Asian Championships, Vikas only has won silver medal for India. Shiva Thapa (56kg), Devendro Singh (49kg) and Satish Kumar (+91kg) won bronze medal each in their respective category.

6. Indian Railways to tie up with ISRO for enhanced safety
Indian Railways will join hands with ISRO to get online satellite images for improving safety and enhancing efficiency. Geospatial technology involves GPS (global positioning systems), GIS (geographical information systems), and Rs. (remote sensing).

The official said geospatial services will be available from satellite-assisted

 navigational support through the GPS aided geo augmented navigation (GAGAN) system of ISRO.
The MoU will facilitate getting images and communications through the satellite system. While the images will help in mapping the area, communications will enable the introduction of wi-fi service in trains in a larger way.
The technology will come in handy at the time of accidents when it can be used to ascertain the exact location of trains and the topography.
Besides, it will also help railways in developing solutions for safety at unmanned level crossings with remote sensing facility.
Safety at unmanned level crossings is a cause of serious concern for railways and the public transporter is exploring various ways to address the issue.
Remote sensing system can be used to warn road users by activating the hooters before the arrival of trains at unmanned level crossings, he said.
The satellite images will also be used for geo-fencing of stations for paperless ticketing system.
Geo-fencing is a virtual barrier which uses the global positioning system (GPS) or radio frequency identification (RFID) to define geographical boundaries.
Railways have started the paperless tickets in unreserved segment for suburban services in Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai.
As per the plan, railways have decided to go paperless with regard to monthly season tickets and platform tickets.
Geo-fencing of stations is a must for going paperless and the tie-up with ISRO will enable railways in getting the required back-up from satellite
The technology is also expected to be used for tracking trains for disseminating information about their movement on real time basis which will be a great help to passengers.Currently train movements are tracked manually.

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