Current Affairs of 11 October 2015

1. K P Sharma Oli elected new Nepal Prime Minister
K P Sharma Oli was on Sunday elected as the next Prime Minister of Nepal defeating incumbent Sushil Koirala in a contest which became necessary after parties failed to forge a consensus amid violent protests over the country’s new Constitution.
In voting held in Parliament here, CPN-UML chairman Mr. Oli garnered 338 votes, 39 more than the 299 that he needed to be elected as the Prime Minister while Nepali Congress president Mr. Koirala could only secure 249 votes.

2. Swedish author brings back ‘the forgotten Gandhi’
Feroze Gandhi, the founder of the Gandhi dynasty, has historically been the least-known member of the dynasty.
It’s intriguing that despite benefiting from the charisma of Feroze’s surname, the Nehru-Gandhis did little to commemorate the rebel that Feroze was. But Feroze will finally get the space he long deserved, thanks to a political biography that has been written by Swedish author and journalist Bertil Falk.
Mr. Falk, 83, who began as a radio presenter at 12, is a seasoned follower of Indian politics and was previously noted in Europe thanks to his political interviews in India and for extending support to the research work of Katherine Frank’s reputed biography of Indira Gandhi.

3. Vodafone wins transfer pricing tax dispute case
British telecom giant Vodafone has the transfer pricing tax dispute case against Indian Income Tax authorities after Bombay High Court ruled in its favour. The court decision came after Vodafone India had challenged the order of the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT). In 2014, the IT tribunal had stayed the tax demand during the proceeding of the case and had asked Vodafone India to deposit 200 crore rupees by February 2014.

4. UNSC adopts resolution to allow EU countries to use force to tackle Refugee Crisis
United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has adopted a resolution authorizing the European Union (EU) and individual countries to use force to tackle the worst refugee crisis. The EU-proposed resolution was supported by majority vote of fourteen council members of total 15 including all 5 permanent members. Venezuela remained abstain from voting. 
Key facts 
The resolution allows European naval forces to board ships for inspecting, seizing and destroying vessels smuggling migrants and refugees on the high seas. It was adopted under Chapter 7 of the UN charter, which authorizes use of force. The resolution is valid for period of one year. The resolution will help to take military action against human-trafficking gangs and does not authorize action in Libyan territorial waters or on its coast. The resolution was adopted by UNSC after EU countries had launched second phase of Operation Sophia giving it greater legitimacy (but does not give mandate for this operation). The naval operation was launched against human smugglers and traffickers in the Mediterranean Sea.

5. Four-in-a-row for Sania and Hingis
Extending their incredible unbeaten record, Sania Mirza and Martina Hingis 
 won their eighth trophy of the season and fourth in a row, winning the WTA China Open doubles here.

The top seeds faced stiff resistance from sixth seed Taipei girls Hao-Ching Chan and Yung-Jan Chan before winning 6-7(9), 6-1, 10-8 in the final which lasted one hour and 40 minutes.

In the match tie-breaker, the two pair were going neck and neck and the score was 7-7 at one stage but Sania and Hingis won three of the next four points to clinch the issue.
It was fourth title in a row for the Sania-Hingis pair.
In a remarkable run, they have dropped only two sets in their last 17 matches in four tournaments.
It was ninth title for Sania in the 2015 season and eighth with Swiss reat Hingis.
They had won titles at Indian Wells, Miami, Charleston, Wimbledon, the US Open, Guangzhou and Wuhan before.

6. India, Maldives to step up cooperation in defence, security
India and Maldives today decided to ramp up cooperation in various fields including defence, security, energy and health, as the two nations restarted the Joint Commission talks after a hiatus of 15 years.
External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, who is in Male on a two-day visit, assured Maldives that India will always be the net security provider to the Indian Ocean archipelago.
However, she stressed that it is also important to insulate both countries from trends towards radicalisation and terrorism.
Following the meeting, the two sides signed MoUs on cooperation between Foreign Service Institutes of both countries and for cooperation sports and youth affairs.
In her opening remarks of the meeting, which she co-chaired with her Maldivian counterpart Dunya Maumoon, she recalled Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s message to Maldivian President Abdulla Yameen.

7. Top-seeded Wawrinka wins Japan Open for 4th title of the year
French Open champion Stan Wawrinka defeated Benoit Paire 6-2, 6-4 on Sunday, to win the Japan Open for his career-best fourth title of the season.
The top-seeded Wawrinka was in control from the outset and secured the win in 65 minutes, when the unseeded Paire double-faulted on match point.
In addition to Roland Garros, Wawrinka has won titles this season at Chennai and Rotterdam. He improved to 5- against Paire, who upset local favorite Kei Nishikori in the semifinals.

8. Vijender rocks in pro debut, thrashes Whiting
Star Indian boxer Vijender Singh made a smashing professional debut by knocking out Britain’s Sonny Whiting in Manchester on Saturday, ruthlessly demolishing the man, who promised to put him through hell at the Manchester Arena.
Vijender won the contest with a few seconds left in the third of the four-round bout via Technical Knockout, pushing Whiting literally on to the ropes and smacking him with a combination of jabs and uppercuts before the referee stepped in to stop the contest.

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