Current Affairs of 24 October 2015

1. Indian-origin Ashok-Alexander Sridharan sworn in as mayor of Bonn in Germany
Indian-origin Ashok-Alexander Sridharan sworn in as the mayor of Bonn in Germany. Bonn is the 18th most populated city in Germany and the provisional capital of erstwhile West Germany.
Sridharan was elected to the office as a candidate of the German Chancellor Angela Merkel-led Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU) party in an election held in September 2015.
With this win, Sridharan became the first Person of Indian Origin (PIO) to be elected as the mayor of a major city in the country.
Further, he also became the city’s first mayor from an immigrant background.
It was for the first time in 21 years that a candidate from the CDU won the Bonn mayoral election leaving the Social Democratic Party (SPD) out in the cold.

2. US President designated Brett McGurk as Envoy to US-led coalition fighting ISIS
US President Barack Obama on 23 October 2015 designated veteran Iraq expert Brett McGurk as Special Presidential Envoy to the US-led coalition fighting the Islamic State for Iraq and Syria (ISIS). President Obama described McGurk as one of his most trusted advisers on Iraq.
He succeeded General John Allen who will retire from the post on 12 November 2015. Allen played a key role in trying to hold together the disparate 65-member coalition and steps down after a year marked by setbacks, policy reversals and increasing regional chaos.

3. Nasser Khan Janjua appointed as National Security Advisor of Pakistan
Retired Lieutenant General Nasser Khan Janjua has been appointed as the new National Security Advisor (NSA) of Pakistan. He will take the charge from Sartaj Aziz who was earlier holding dual offices of NSA and Adviser on Foreign Affairs with status of a federal minister. Now Mr. Aziz will only concentrate on foreign affairs. Janjua’s immediate task will be to concentrate on security ties with Afghanistan in the west and India in the east.

4. Indian mountaineers climbed an untouched mountain peak, named it after APJ Abdul Kalam
Two mountaineers Arjun Vajpai and Bhupesh Kumar in third week of October 2015 created history by becoming first people to climb 6180 meter high unnamed peak in Himachal’s Spiti Valley. The duo named the peak as Mout Kalam, in honour of former President of India, Dr. Abdul Kalam. 
Newly named Mt. Kalam is located near Bara Shigri Glacier, largest glacier located in Himachal Pradesh. Bara-Sigri glacier is the second longest glacier in Himalaya after Gangotri both are around 30 km long.
Vajpai and Kumar hailing from Noida and Bulandshahr respectively started the expedition on 8 October 2015 from Noida and completed the climb on 14 October 2015 and hoisted the Indian national flag. They returned back on ground on 20 October 2015. 

5. Justin Trudeau Elected as Prime Minister of Canada
Canada’s Conservative leader was ousted in a national vote Monday after almost a decade in power, as voter discontent and a souring economy helped the son of long-serving Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau sweep into the top office.
Justin Trudeau’s centrist Liberal Party secured a majority government, with his party elected in 184 of the 338 districts across the country, after a hard-fought contest with incumbent Stephen Harper. 

6. First World Indigenous Games begins in Palmas, Brazil
First World Indigenous Games has kicked off in the northern Brazilian city of Palmas.

 The lavish opening ceremony of the multi-sport event was attended by Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff. The first of its kind international multi-sport event will involve around 2000 indigenous athletes belonging to different indigenous ethnic groups from 30 countries. Participants from countries like Ethiopia, Brazil, Mongolia, Australia, Philippines, Russia, Ethiopia and New Zealand are participating. The first World Indigenous Games will host sporting events like archery, canoeing, spear tossing and a race through the forest. Besides, non-competitive events will be also hosted to showcase different traditions of indigenous ethnic groups.

7. Hurricane Patricia batters Mexico as one of strongest storms ever
Hurricane Patricia, one of the most powerful storms on record, struck Mexico's Pacific coast on Friday with destructive winds that tore down trees, moved cars and forced thousands of people to flee homes and beachfront resorts. Hours after making landfall, the storm weakened but still packed winds of 130 miles per hour (210 km per hour). There were no reported casualties and officials said the damage might not be as catastrophic as feared.
Patricia slammed into a stretch of sparsely populated coastline near the popular beach getaway of Puerto Vallarta, where 15,000 tourists were evacuated to avoid torrential rain and potentially lethal winds. There was flooding in parts of the city, though it escaped the worst of the immensely powerful storm. Visitors and residents weathered the hurricane's onslaught in emergency shelters hoping it would not do as much damage as the last storm of this magnitude, Typhoon Haiyan, which killed thousands of people in the Philippines in 2013.
While still out to sea as a Category 5 hurricane, Patricia blew furious winds of 200 mph (322 kph). "The winds are really strong. It's amazing, even the cars are moving," said Laura Barajas, a 30-year-old hotel worker from the port of Manzanillo, close to where the storm reached land.

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