Reasoning Quiz

Directions (1-5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer
(1) if only assumption I is implicit.
(2) if only assumption II is implicit.
(3) if either I or II is implicit.
(4) if neither I nor 11 is implicit.
(5) if both I and II are implicit.


1. Statement: “Buy durable pillows of company ‘X’. The pillows have been made from 100% imported downs and feather; have the natural property to take the contour and shape of your head, neck and shoulder while you sleep; and are very popular abroad as well as in the domestic market.” — An advertisement
Assumptions:
I. Immense popularity of a product is a sign of the using export.
II. Bicycle is the most affordable mode of transport.

2. Statement: “Oil the wheels that India moves on” is the cry of bicycle manufacturers in the country.
Assumptions:
I. The bicycle and components industry is a priority focus area possessing capability of thrusting export.
II. Bicycle is the most affordable mode of transport.

3. Statement: “No representative is authorised to collect cash. Do not pay cash to anybody. All subscribers are requested to make payments only through cheques/DD in favour of the company.”— An instruction to subscribers by company X
Assumptions:
I. If it is not said explicitly, the subscriber may claim for their payments in cash in case any irregularities are made by the representatives.
II. Representatives of company X are not trustworthy.

4. Statement: “Please do not display a damaged or dishevelled flag.”—Ministry of Home Affairs Assumptions:
Assumptions:
I. Damaged and dishevelled flag is an indicator of the deteriorating condition of a country.
II. When a flag is damaged or soiled, it should be destroyed in private.

5. Statement: “On this auspicious occasion of Republic Day let us take the resolution to help the drought-affected 4.3 crore population and 4.5 crore livestock of the state.”—An appeal by the CM of state X to its citizens
Assumptions:
I. Citizens’ participation will ensure pride and respect of all sections of society as well as overall development of the state.
II. Miseries of people affected by drought will be lessened through people’s participation.

Directions (6-10): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “strong” arguments and “weak” arguments insofar as they relate to the question. “Strong” arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. “Weak” arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which ofthe arguments is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument. Give answer
(1) if only argument I is “strong”.
(2) if only argument II is “strong’*:
(3) if either I or II is “strong”.
(4) if neither I nor II is “strong”.
(5) if both I and II are “strong”.

6. Statement: Should the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) be brought under the direct control ofthe Cabinet Secretariat?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this will reduce cases of partiality and will make CBI more meaningful and purposeful.
II. No, the move will empower the prime minister to harass leaders of coalition parties if these leaders do not go in his favour on any issue.

7. Statement: Should the law ministry put in place a new corrective mechanism to make judges with ‘deviant behaviour’ more accountable to the system?
Arguments:
I. Yes, the mechanism will check the judiciary’s sagging standards.
II. No, any such mechanism can’t be successful unless the executive plays a role in collaboration with the judiciary.

8. Statement: Should sale and purchase of human organs be made legal in India?
Arguments:
I. Yes, in many countries sale and purchase of human organs is not considered illegal.
II. No, this will open the floodgates for the sale of human organs.

9. Statement: Should medical colleges be allowed to admit students even after the commencement of their session, if the seats remain unfilled?
Arguments:
I. Yes, unfilled seats will weaken the economic condition of the colleges.
II. No, this will hamper the study of the students of the entire batch.

10. Statement: Should robots replace astronauts in space missions?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this will save the precious life of human beings.
II. No, this will make space missions more expensive.

Answers
1. 1
2. 4
3. 1
4. 2
5. 3
6. 3
7. 2
8. 2
9. 2
10. 1


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