English Practice Set-15 For LIC, SO and Railways

Dear Bank Aspirants we are providing practice English questions set for LIC AAO and Syndicate manipal PO exam. Try to solve these Mixed Questions and share time taken to solve these Mixed Questions and share your attempt.

English Questions- phrase replacement

In English section  Comprehension, Cloze test, Fill in the Blanks , rearrangement, spotting errors play important role in  exam.

Directions (Q. 1-10): Read the following passagecarefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases in the passage are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Irrigation poses the greatest challenge for a farmer since water availability needs to be there almost throughout the year. Monsoon failure means fall in yield and farmers are the direct sufferers when the rains are inadquate.
“Especially in a country like India, the unseasonal and unpredictable weather, especially when it turns into droughts, forces agriculture scientists and farmers to think of alternative simple and effective solutions to overcome the crises,” says Dr IS Tomar, Programme Coordinator, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) near Rajgarh Naka, Jhabua.
One case study that has been quite popular is use of discarded plastic saline bottles for irrigation by farmers in Jhabua district in Madhya Pradesh. Basically a tribaldominated dry region, agriculture is the main source of livelihood for the people there. Maize, blackgram, soyabean, wheat, and cotton are normally grown.
To enhance income of the farmers of the area, an attempt was made to introduce improved vegetable cultivation under National Agricultural Innovation Sub Project called Integrated Farming System for Sustainable Rural Livelihood in undulating and rainfed areas.
Mr Ramash Bariya, a small farmer from the village, started growing vegetables under this project guidance in a small area. He got a good profit initially and this encouraged him to start growing some gourd varieties like bitter and sponge gourds. He prepared a small nursery for raising the seedlings but faced acute water shortage due to delayed monsoon.
Worried, he discussed with NAIP project scientists, who advised him to adopt an innovative irrigation technique using waste saline bottle.
“We wanted to try out this method in the farmer’s field since it is quite cheap and effective and farmers who cannot financially afford big drip systems can try this. But farmers should realise that it requires labour and patience,” says Dr Tomar.
In this technique, the bottom portion of the bottle is removed using a sharp knife and the bottle filled with water.
It is hung upside-down from a stake next to the sapling in the field. The plastic tube with the nozzle is made to touch the ground near the plant root.
Instead of allowing water to be irrigated through the channels in the field or pouring it on the crop with a bucket, water starts dripping on the soil surface making the root zone wet, thereby supplying moisture continuously to the crop.
The plastic control knob in the middle of the tube can be adjusted to control the drip. The farmer purchased about 350 bottles from a waste paper mart and started using them for his cultivation. His entire family used to help him in filling the bottles with water.
“I have been able to get a net profit of `15,200 from less than a hectare till date by using this method for my vegetables,” says the farmer.
The state agriculture department conferred an achievement award on him for adopting this simple yet effective method to overcome water shortage.
Many others in the surrounding areas have also started adopting this method for their crops.
According to Dr Tomar, this type of irrigation is quite popular in African countries like Kenya. Many American farmers are also using this system to grow their kitchen gardens.
But in India it is not popular. The reason could be that it is time-consuming and labour-intensive.
Though today there are several government schemes and subsidies available to instal a full-fledged drip irrigation system, the paperwork involved is quite laborious and delays cultivation work.

1. Which of the following is the characteristic feature of Indian agriculture? Give your answer in the context of the passage.
1) Agriculture is amongst the fastest-growing industries in India.
2) India is amongst the top three global producers of
many crops, including wheat, rice, pulses and vegetables.
3) Farmers in India largely depend on monsoon.
4) Scientific research and development has reduced farmers’ dependence on monsoon.
5) The average size of land holding is very small.

2. Why do agriculture scientists in India carry out scientific research?
1) To compete with agricultural productivity across the world
2) To face unseasonal and unpredictable weather in India
3) To satisfy an urge to help farmers and encourage them for more production
4) Due to pressure created by the Central government
5) All the above

3. According to the given passage, which of the following is true about Jhabua district in Madhya Pradesh?
1) It is a tribal-dominated region.
2) Agriculture is the main source of livelihood of the
people living over there.
3) It is basically a humid region.
4) Only 1) and 2)
5) All 1), 2) and 3)

4. Which of the following is not true about waste saline water irrigation technique?
1) It is an effective irrigation technique.
2) It is helpful for such farmers as are not financially
strong enough to afford big drip system.
3) It requires a lot of labour and patience.
4) This technique is quite popular in some of the African countries.
5) None of these

5. What, according to the given passage, is/are the main hindrance in the way of adopting waste saline water irrigation technique in India?
1) It is a time-consuming and labour-intensive technique.
2) Waste saline water bottles are not readily available.
3) This technique is not effective in dry regions.
4) Waste saline water bottles are fragile and brittle.
5) All the above

Directions (Q.6-8): Choose the word/group of words which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word/ group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.
46. Overcome
1) vanquish
2) exceed
3) solve
4) break
5) rebut

7. Undulating
1) uprooting
2) bouncing
3) twisted
4) apathetic
5) wavy

8. Discarded
1) dismissed
2) costly
3) cheap
4) empty
5) rejected

Directions (Q. 9-10): Choose the word/group of words which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word/ group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.
9. Sharp
1) dull
2) blunt
3) flat
4) slow
5) fine

10. Enhance
1) amplify
2) exalt
3) augment
4) diminish
5) enlarge


Answers
1. 3
2. 2
3. 4
4. 5
5. 1
6. 3
7. 5
8. 5
9. 2
10. 4

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