Schemes of Union Government for interview and Exams part-I

 Dear Readers, we are presenting full details of various schemes lauched by Union government in past months that help you in upcoming exams .

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1. Make In India Campaign

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 September 2014 launched Make In India Campaign at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi to make India a manufacturing hub.
The campaign is aimed to attract foreign companies to set up their manufacturing units in India and to seek greater foreign investment.

The launch ceremony was attended by Top CEOs from India Inc, international industry leaders, ambassadors, ministers and government officials. Further, Special arrangements were made to publicise the event globally in different world capitals.
At the same time, programmes were held in state capitals and also Indian missions abroad, where officials engaged with investors and consultants.
P.M. Narendra Modi on his Independence Day speech had announced about the Make in India campaign.

Objective of the campaign

The objective of the campaign is to get manufacturing sector to grow over 10% on a sustainable basis over a long run.

The campaign is aimed to transform the economy from the services-driven growth model to labour-intensive manufacturing-driven growth. This will help in creating jobs for over 10 million people, who join the workforce every year.

Focus of the campaign
The programme lays emphasis on 25 sectors with focus on job creation and skill enhancement.
These include: automobiles, chemicals, IT, pharmaceuticals, textiles, ports, aviation, leather, tourism and hospitality, wellness, railways, auto components, design manufacturing, renewable energy, mining, bio-technology, pharmaceuticals and electronics among others.
Union Government released separate brochures for these sectors along with a general brochure.
The brochures will provide details of growth drivers, investment opportunities, sector specific FDI and other policies and related agencies.

Features of the campaign
•    The government will look into all regulatory processes to ease the burden of investors.
•    A dedicated cell has been created to answer queries from business entities through a newly created web portal.
•    While an exhaustive set of FAQs on this portal will help investors find instant answers to their general queries, the back-end support team of the cell would answer specific queries within 72 hours.
•    The DIPP and industry lobby FICCI have jointly set up an eight-member expert panel to address queries and concerns of investors. They will clarify Indian policies to the investors and suggest reforms to the Central and states governments.
•    All central government services are being integrated with an e-Biz single window online portal.
•    States have been advised to introduce self-certification.
•    The Union Ministry of Home Affairs has been asked to give all security clearances to investment proposals within 3 months.
•    An advisory has been sent to all departments/state governments to simplify and rationalise regulatory environment which includes online filing of all returns in a unified form.
As per the World Bank’s ease of doing business index, India ranked lowly 134 out of 189 countries in 2014, which was three places lowest than in 2013.
Make in India will act as a first reference point for guiding foreign investors on all aspects of regulatory and policy issues and assists them in obtaining regulatory clearances.
Union Government has already allowed 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment under automatic route in construction, operation and maintenance in rail infrastructure projects and increased FDI in Defence to 49 per cent.

2. Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao (BBBP) 

Union Government has launched ambitious Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao (BBBP) campaign to save and empower girl child. The scheme was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi from Panipat in Haryana.
Why Haryana was chosen to launch Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao campaign?
Haryana was chosen to launch the nation-wide Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao initiative because of the skewed sex ratio in the state. It has one of the lowest Child Sex Ratio in country which stands at 879 girls per 1,000 boys as against the national child sex ratio of 918 girls per 1000 boys. Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao (BBBP) campaign It aims to spread awareness about the declining trend of Child Sex Ratio in the country.
Objective: To prevent gender biased sex selective elimination by strict enforcement of laws with stringent punishment to violators. The Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD), is the nodal agency for the implementation of the scheme. While, Centre has provided initial corpus of 100 crore rupees for it. It will be implemented in 100 districts of the country, including 12 districts of Haryana. In this regard, union government will try to ensure access and availability of essential requirements related to nutrition, health-care, education, protection and elimination of discrimination of girl child. This scheme will also generate awareness and improve the efficiency of delivery of welfare services meant for women. Thus, by launching this scheme government is aiming to eliminate gender inequality by creating favourable environment including employable opportunities, safety and security, mobility and speedy justice for women.

3. Sukanya Samridhi Yojana under BBBP campaign
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 22 January 2015 launched a small deposit scheme Sukanya Samridhi Yojana for girl child under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) campaign.
The scheme will ensure equitable share to a girl child in resources and savings of a family in which she is generally discriminated against a male child.
Sukanya Samridhi Yojana will enable parents to open bank accounts of girls who are under 10 years of age.

About the Sukanya Samridhi Account
• Sukanya Samridhi Account will fetch an interest rate of 9.1 percent and provide income tax rebate.
• Sukanya Samridhi Account can be opened at any time from the birth of a girl child till she attains the age of 10 years with a minimum deposit of 1000 rupees.
• A maximum of 1.5 lakh rupees can be deposited during the financial year. The account can be opened in any post office or authorised branches of commercial banks.
• The account will remain operative for 21 years from the date of opening of the account or marriage of the girl child after attaining 18 years of age.
• To meet the requirement of higher education expenses, partial withdrawal of 50 percent of the balance amount will be allowed after the girl child has attended 18 years of age

4. Jeevan Pramaan-Digital Life Certificate for Pensioners

The Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 10 November 2014 launched the Jeevan Pramaan- an Aadhar based Digital Life Certificate for pensioners. This digital life certificate will benefit over a crore pensioners who have to produce Life Certificates each year to receive pension.
By obtaining this proposed digital certification, pensioners need not submit a physical Life Certificate in November each year in order to ensure continuity of pension being credited into their account.
The Department of Electronics and IT has developed a software application which will enable the recording of the pensioner`s Aadhar number and biometric details from his mobile device or computer by plugging in a biometric reading device.
Key details of the pensioner including date, time and biometric information will be uploaded to a central database on real-time basis which will enable the Pension Disbursing Agency to access a Digital Life Certificate. This will conclusively establish that the pensioner was alive at the time of authentication.
This software application system will be made available to pensioners and other stakeholders on a large scale at no extra cost. It can be operated on a personal computer or a smartphone along with an inexpensive biometric reading device.
This facility will also be made available at Common Service Centres being operated under the National e-Governance Plan for the benefit of pensioners residing in remote and inaccessible areas.
Earlier, pensioner either personally presented himself before the Pension Disbursing Agency or used to submit a Life Certificate issued by authorities specified by the Central Pension Accounting Office (CPAO).

 5. Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana 
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) on the birth anniversary of Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan on 11 October 2014. SAGY will be implemented under the overall supervision of Union Ministry of Rural Development.
The programme is an ambitious village development project under which each Member of Parliament will take the responsibility for developing physical and institutional infrastructure in three villages by 2019.
The primary goal is to develop three Adarsh Grams or model villages by March 2019, of which one would be achieved by 2016. Thereafter, five such Adarsh Grams (one per year) will be selected and developed by 2024.

The main objectives of SAGY are:
To trigger processes which lead to holistic development of the identified Gram Panchayats
 To substantially improve the standard of living and quality of life of all sections of the population through: a) Improved basic amenities; b) Higher productivity; c) Enhanced human development; d) Better livelihood opportunities; e) Reduced disparities; f) Access to rights and entitlements; g) Wider social mobilization; and h) Enriched social capital
To generate models of local level development and effective local governance which can motivate and inspire neighbouring Gram Panchayats to learn and adapt
To nurture the identified Adarsh Grams as schools of local development to train other Gram Panchayats

Main highlights of the SAGY
It aims to keep the soul of rural India alive while providing its people with quality access to basic amenities and opportunities to enable them to shape their own destiny.
It places equal stress on nurturing values of national pride, patriotism, community spirit, self-confidence and on developing infrastructure.
It is unique and transformative as it has a holistic approach towards development.
It envisages integrated development of the selected village across multiple areas such as agriculture, health, education, sanitation, environment, livelihoods etc.
SAGY aims at instilling certain values, such as people's participation, Antyodaya, gender equality, dignity of women, social justice, spirit of community service and etc in the villages and their people so that they get transformed into models for others.
The gram panchayat would be the basic unit for development. It will have a population of 3000-5000 in plain areas and 1000-3000 in hilly, tribal and difficult areas.
In districts where this unit size is not available, the gram panchayats approximating the desirable population size may be chosen.
The MP would be free to identify a suitable gram panchayat for being developed as Adarsh Gram, other than his/her own village or that of his/her spouse.
The scheme will be implemented through a Village Development Plan that would be prepared for every identified gram panchayat with special focus on enabling every poor household to come out of poverty.
The constituency fund, MPLADS, would be available to fill critical financing gaps.
SAGY gives focus to community participation.
The participation of women in the decision-making process will be encouraged. The scheme envisages holding Mahila Sabhas and Bal Sabhas to discuss women and children specific issues and concerns.
 Ensuring universal access to education facilities, adult literacy, e-literacy are also important goals of SAGY.
Adoption and adaptation of technology and introduction of innovations are critical to this programme. This will include use of space application and remote sensing for planning, mobile based technology for monitoring, agriculture technology for increasing productivity etc.
At the national level, a separate, real time web based monitoring system will be put in place for the scheme covering all aspects and components.

Monitoring of SAGY

 The Union Ministry of Rural Development will put in place a specially designed capacity building programme for government functionaries at different levels including gram panchayats.
    At the state level, there will be an Empowered Committee headed by the Chief Secretary consisting of the relevant departments and including experts, as required with at least two civil society representatives.
    The District Collector will be the nodal officer for implementing the SAGY. He will conduct a monthly review meeting with representatives of the participating Line Departments. The Members of Parliament concerned will chair the review meetings.

6. National Heritage Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)
The Union Ministry of Urban Development on 21 January 2015 launched the National Heritage Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) that seeks to preserve and rejuvenate the rich cultural heritage of the country.

Highlights of HRIDAY
• HRIDAY seeks to promote an integrated, inclusive and sustainable development of heritage sites, focusing on maintenance of monuments and on advancement of the entire ecosystem.
• In the initial phase of HRIDAY, 12 heritage cities have been identified which will be rejuvenated and developed. Union Government will provide 500 crore rupees to these 12 cities.
• The scheme will be completely funded by union Government to create infrastructure and provide facilities around the heritage sites to attract more tourists.

Amount allocated to 12 cities based on city population:
Varanasi (Uttar Prdesh)-89.31 crore rupees
Amritsar  (Punjab)-69.31 crore rupees
Warangal (Telangana)-40.54 crore rupees
Ajmer Ajmer  (Rajasthan)-  40.04 crore rupees
Gaya  (Bihar)-    40.04 crore rupees
Mathura (Uttar Pradesh-   40.04 crore rupees
Kanchipuram (Tamil Nadu)-    23.04 crore rupees
Vellankini (Tamil Nadu)-   22.26 crore rupees
Amaravati (Andhra Pradesh)-  22.26 crore rupees
Badami (Karnataka)-    22.26 crore rupees
Dwaraka (Gujarat)-     22.26 crore rupees
Puri (Orissa)-     22.54 crore rupees

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