Current Affairs of 10 September 2015

1. Union Cabinet allows 100 per cent FDI under automatic route for white label ATMs
The Union Cabinet has allowed 100 per cent foreign direct investment (FDI) under the automatic route for white label ATM operations (WLAO). Decision in this regard was taken in Union Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi. This decision will expedite and ease FDI inflows in WLAO further giving a fillip to the government’s ambitious effort to promote financial inclusion in the country, including the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna (PMJDY). Prior this approval, foreign investment in WLAO was allowed through the government approval route which required some processing time and projects were delayed.

2. India, Indonesia sign pact to cooperate on criminal matters
India and Indonesia have signed a pact for repatriation of wanted prisoners and cooperate in all criminal matters, including gathering evidence. In this regard Union Ministry of Home Affairs has issued an official gazette notification for service or execution of summons or warrant in relation to criminal matters in both countries. Under the agreement- India will execute summons to an accused person (or any person) requiring to produce documents and attend or a search-warrant issued by an Indonesian court. Indonesia will reciprocate with similar action to execute summons if there is any request from any Indian court. Such summons or warrant would be sent to its Internal Security Division-II for transmission to the central authority i.e. the Ministry of Law and Human Rights of Indonesia.

3. INS Vajrakosh commissioned by Defence Ministry at Karwar
The INS Vajrakosh was  commissioned by the Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar at Karwar, Karnataka. INS Vajrakosh is the latest establishment of the Indian Navy.
The Naval units operating out of Karwar are required to be equipped with specialised armaments and missiles. These sophisticated missiles and ammunition require special storage facility and specialised servicing facilities. INS Vajrakosh will have all the required infrastructure to meet these requirements.
The commissioning of INS Vajrakosh, the third naval establishment commissioned in Karwar, will allow the Indian Navy to further bolster the offensive and defensive capabilities of its platforms. INS Vajrakosh has some of the most significant naval assets already in service or being inducted. 

4. NASA plans to explore Jupiter’s moon Europa for alien life
NASA is planning to launch a landing probe to Jupiter’s moon Europa by mid-2020s in the hope of discovering alien life on the ocean-harbouring moon.
While the main thrust of the Europa mission, which NASA aims to launch 

by the mid-2020s, involves characterising the icy satellite from afar during dozens of flybys, the space agency is considering sending a small probe down to the surface as well.

NASA has also asked the European Space Agency if it would be interested in contributing a lander, ice-penetrating impactor or other piggyback probe to the roughly $2 billion Europa mission, reported.
Europa is covered by an ice shell perhaps 80 kilometres thick, but underneath this crust is thought to lie a huge ocean of liquid water about 20 kilometres deep.
The as-yet-unnamed Europa mission could launch as early as 2022. After reaching Jupiter orbit, the robotic probe will perform 45 flybys of Europa over the course of 2.5 years or so.

5. Abitha Mary Manuel and Anamika Das bagged bronze medals in 2015 CYG
Abitha Mary Manuel and Anamika Das  won bronze medals at the 5th Commonwealth Youth Games (CYG) in Apia in Samoa.
Manuel won the medal in girls 800m race, while Das won it in shot put event on the third and final day of athletics competitions.
With the two bronze, India's medal count swelled to 10 in total (4 gold, 2 silver, and 4 bronze). 
Track and field athletes contributed 2 gold, 1 silver and 3 bronze in India's total medal count.

6. World Suicide Prevention Day observed with theme Preventing Suicide: Reaching Out and Saving Lives
World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD) was observed on 10 September 2105. The theme of the World Suicide Prevention Day 2015 is Preventing Suicide: Reaching Out and Saving Lives.
The theme speaks up to reduce the stigma around talking about suicide prevention. It encourages us all to consider the role that offering support may play in combating suicide.
The day is observed, in order to provide worldwide commitment and action to prevent suicides, with various activities around the world.
The International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) collaborates with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Federation for Mental Health, to host World Suicide Prevention Day. Since 2003, the day is annually observed on 10 September.

7. J Manjula appointed as Director-General of Electronics and Communication Systems cluster of DRDO
J Manjula was  appointed as the Director-General of the Electronics and Communication Systems cluster of Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO). With this, Manjula became the first woman DG of DRDO.
An alumna of the Osmania University and an electronics and communications engineer, Manjula was the first woman Director of the DRDO's Defence Avionics Research Establishment (DARE). 
She had a brief stint in Electronics Corporation of India Ltd before joining DRDO in 1987. Later, she worked with the Integrated Electronic Warfare cluster of DRDO's Defence Electronics Research Laboratory, Hyderabad for 26 years.
She has designed fast signal acquisition receivers, high power RF systems, responsive jammers and controller software for various systems that were inducted in Army, Navy, Air Force and Paramilitary. Her specialisations include configuration of Communication and Radar ESM and ECM systems.

8. Gandhi Peace Prize 2014 conferred on ISRO
President Pranab Mukherjee conferred the Gandhi Peace Prize for the year 2014 on Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). ISRO Chairman A S Kiran Kumar on behalf of the organisation received the prize at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi. ISRO was chosen for the prestigious award in March 2015 for its contribution in development of space technology and satellite-based services, making space technology a catalyst of development of India and bringing societal transformation and provided the service to the common man and nation.

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