Statement and Argument Quiz for SBI PO, RBI Grade B

Directions (1-5): In making decisions important questions it is desirable to be able distinguish between strong arguments and Weak arguments Strong arguments must be both importance and directly related to the question. Weak arguments may not be directly related to the question and may be minor importance or may be related to the trivial as of the question. Each question below is followed by there arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the argument (s) is/are strong and indicate your answer accordingly.

                   

1. Statements: Should the Government restrict use of electricity for each household depending upon the requirement?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this will help Government tide ‘cos the problem of inadequate generation at electricity’.
II. No, every citizen has right to consume electricity as per their requirement as they pay for using electricity.
III. No, the Government does not have the machinery to put such a restriction on use of electricity.
(a) Only I is strong
(b) Only II is strong
(c) I and II are strong
(d) II and III are strong
(e) All are strong

2. Statements: Should the Government order closure of all educational institutions for a month to avoid fast spreading of the contagious viral infection?
Arguments:
I. No, closure of educational institution alone is not the solution for curbing spread of viral infection.
II. No, students will visit crowded places like mails, markets, playgrounds etc, in more numbers and spread the disease, as they will have lot of spare time at their disposal.
III. Yes, young persons are more prone to get affected by the viral infection and hence they should remain in doors.
(a) None is strong
(b) Only I is strong
(c) Only III is strong
(d) I and II are strong
(e) All are strong

3. Statements: Should the Government ban export of all types of foodgrains for the next one year to tide over the unpredicted drought situation in the country?
Arguments:
I. Yes, there is no other way to provide food its citizen during the year.
II. No, the Government does not have its jurisdiction over private exporters for banning exporters.
III. Yes, the Government should not allow the exporters to export foodgrains and procure all the foodgrains held by such exporters and make it available for home consumption.
(a) I and II are strong
(b) II and III are strong
(c) I and II are strong
(d) All are strong
(e) None of these

4. Statements: Should there be a common syllabus for all subjects in graduate courses in all the universities across the country?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this is the only way to spring in uniformity in the education system in the country.
II. Yes, it will help standardize the quality of graduation certificates being given by different universities in the country.
III. No, each university should have the autonomy to decide its syllabus based on the specific requirement of the university.
(a) None is strong
(b) Only I is strong
(c) Only II is strong
(d) I and II are strong
(e) II and III are strong

5. Statements: Should all those students who failed in one or two subject in HSC be allowed to take admission in degree courses and continue their study subject to their successfully passing in the study subject to their successfully passing in the supplementary examination?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this will help the students to complete their education without a break of one year.
II. Yes, this is a forward looking strategy to help the students and motivate them for higher studies.
III. No, such students do not choose to continue their studies without having passed in all the subjects in HSC.
(a) Only I is strong
(b) Only II is strong
(c) Only III is strong
(d) Either II or III and I are strong
(e) None of the above

Directions (6-13): A statement followed by four assumptions numbered I, II, III are given. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement, then decide which of the answers (a), (b), (c) or (d) is correct.

6. Statement: The company has decided to increase the price of all its products to tackle the precarious financial position.
Assumptions:
I. The company may be able to wipe out the entire losses incurred earlier by this decision.
II. The buyer may continue to buy its products even after the increase.
III. The company has adequate to continue production for few more months.
(a) I and II are implicit
(b) II and III are implicit
(c) I and III are implicit
(d) Only II is implicit
(e) None of these

7. Statement: After weekend holidays, a person should be fresh and active.
Assumptions:
I. Look, today is Monday. Ask Ravindra to take up the new project and execute it by Wednesday evening.
II. Since it is Monday, office atmosphere is relaxed. After lunch, some work will begin.
III. It’s Friday afternoon. Can you give it to me on Monday morning? I will finish it by lunch.
(a) I and II
(b) Only II
(c) I and III
(d) Only III
(e) None of these

8. Statement: “Let us enter into a deal with company Y to come out of our financial crisis.” – Company X
Assumptions:
I. Company Y can bail company X out of its financial crisis.
II. Two companies can enter into a deal.
III. Company Y is financially sound.
(a) II and III
(b) Only II
(c) I and III
(d) Only III
(e) All implicit

9. Statement: The situation of this area still continues to be tense and out of control. People are requested to be in their homes only.
Assumptions:
I. There had been some serious incidents.
II. People will not go to the office.
III. Normalcy will be restored shortly.
(a) All are implicit
(b) None is implicit
(c) Only I is implicit
(d) I and III are implicit
(e) I and II are implicit

10. Statement: Dogs are trainable.
Assumptions:
I. Dogs prefer human contact.
II. Most household dogs are emotionally stable.
III. Dog show is an important item in any circus.
(a) Only I
(b) Only II
(c) Only III
(d) I and III
(e) All of these

11. Statement: “A court can convict an accused solely on the basis of a dying declaration but such a declaration should be free from any doubt and the victim making the statement should be mentally fit.” – Supreme Court.
Assumptions:
I. One who is not mentally fit always makes statements untrustworthy in nature.
II. Declaration made by the dying person is likely to be true.
III. It is possible to distinguish whether a declaration is dubious or not.
(a) Only I
(b) I and II
(c) II and III
(d) Only III
(e) None of these

12. Statement: The Telephone company informed the subscribers through a notification that those, who do not pay their bills by the due date, will be charged penalty for every defaulting day.
Assumptions:
I. Majority of the people may pay their bills by the due date to avoid penalty.
II. The money collected as penalty may set off the losses due to delayed payment.
III. People generally pay heed to such notices.
(a) I and II implicit
(b) I and III are implicit
(c) Only II is implicit
(d) II and III are implicit
(e) None of these

13. Statement: “An asteroid burned up in the earth’s atmosphere in June could have triggered a mistaken nuclear war between India and Pakistan had it detonated over South Asia.” – Statement of Mr X in a report in The New York Times.
Assumptions:
I. India and Pakistan are equipped with nuclear weapons.
II. Neither India nor Pakistan had the sophisticated sensors that could determine the difference between a natural NEO (near-earth object) impact and a nuclear detonation.
III. India and Pakistan have no good relationship with each other.
(a) Only I
(b) I and II
(c) II and III
(d) I and III
(e) All of these

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